Since 2008, the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence has housed and managed Vermont’s Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) program. The SANE program trains, supports and certifies a cadre of highly trained nurses across the state who provide forensic medical care to victims of sexual assault, domestic violence and abuse, and collect evidence in accordance with a standardized evidence kit.

There are currently over 50 certified SANEs throughout the state of Vermont. Of those nurses, 14 have additional training qualifying them to serve child victims of sexual assault. The vast majority of our SANE nurses are hospital-based emergency room providers. Last year, the SANE Program provided approximately 300 exams in 12 hospitals across the state. As part of the program oversight, the Vermont Network provides and tracks evidence kits and also staffs an interdisciplinary SANE Board.


A Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE) is a registered nurse (R.N.) who has advanced education and clinical preparation in the forensic examination of sexual assault victims. SANEs ensure that sexual assault victims consistently receive prompt and compassionate emergency care. SANEs are skilled at identifying physical and psychological needs. They ensure that victims will receive appropriate medical care and know what evidence to look for, how to document injuries and other forensic evidence, and provide referrals to VT Network Member Programs and for follow-up medical care.

The SANE Board regulates and certifies Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners in Vermont.